Insomnia - AYO

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Circadian Health Glossary

What Is Insomnia?

Insomnia is a spectrum of different sleep disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by either difficulty falling or staying asleep, or by early awakening, resulting in poor-quality sleep and daytime fatigue. While occasional sleepless nights are normal, chronic insomnia can have a significant impact on one's physical and mental health.

What Causes Insomnia?

Insomnia could be caused by a variety of factors. The primary causes can include:

Stressors – challenge the body’s natural sleep-regulating processes, contributing to irregular sleep patterns and potential physical discomfort.
Jet lag – the rapid change in time zones can lead to a misalignment between one’s internal body clock and the external day-night cycle.
• External factors such as noise, light, and temperature can interfere with the ability to fall or stay asleep, impacting the overall quality of sleep.

Types of Insomnia

Insomnia can be classified into three types based on the duration of symptoms:

Transient – lasts a few nights or weeks. Typically caused by stressors or changes in the sleep environment.
Acute – it’s prolonged for a longer period of time. Typically triggered by medical conditions or psychological stressors.
Chronic – lasting over three months, can be caused by underlying health issues or long-term sleep habits.

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